How to Froth Milk for a Flat White

How to Froth Milk for a Flat White

The flat white is a popular espresso-based drink known for its smooth and velvety texture. It's made by combining a double shot of espresso with perfectly steamed and frothed milk. In this guide, we'll walk you through the process of frothing milk for a flat white, so you can enjoy this classic coffeehouse favorite in the comfort of your own home.

1. Gather Your Ingredients

Before you start frothing milk for your flat white, make sure you have the following ingredients ready:

  • Freshly brewed espresso (preferably a double shot)
  • Milk (whole milk or a blend of whole and skim milk)
  • Sweetener (optional)

2. Choose the Right Milk

For a flat white, it's recommended to use whole milk or a blend of whole and skim milk. The higher fat content in whole milk creates a creamy and rich froth that complements the espresso flavors. However, feel free to experiment with different types of milk based on your preferences or dietary needs.

3. Steam the Milk

Pour the desired amount of milk into a stainless steel pitcher. Place the steam wand of your espresso machine just below the surface of the milk. Turn on the steam function and position the pitcher at a slight angle to allow the steam wand to create a swirling motion.

4. Positioning and Texturing

Start by purging the steam wand to remove any water that may have accumulated. Submerge the steam wand into the milk and position it slightly off-center, towards the side of the pitcher. This creates a vortex that helps incorporate the air into the milk.

Gently introduce steam into the milk by slowly raising the pitcher while keeping the steam wand at the same depth. As the milk begins to rise, lower the pitcher to maintain the steam wand just below the surface. Aim for a smooth, swirling motion to evenly distribute heat and create a uniform texture.

5. Achieving the Right Temperature

Monitor the temperature of the milk using a thermometer or by touch. For a flat white, aim for a milk temperature between 150°F and 155°F (65°C and 68°C). It's crucial to avoid overheating the milk, as it can affect the taste and texture.

6. Tap and Swirl

Once the milk has reached the desired temperature, remove the steam wand and give the pitcher a few firm taps on the counter. This helps burst any larger bubbles and creates a smooth and creamy microfoam texture. Gently swirl the milk in the pitcher to further incorporate the foam and create a velvety consistency.

7. Pouring the Milk

Prepare your double shot of espresso in a serving cup. Hold the pitcher at a slight angle and pour the frothed milk into the cup, aiming for a controlled and steady stream. Start in the center of the cup and gradually move towards the edges, allowing the foam to naturally blend with the espresso.

8. Create Latte Art (Optional)

If you're feeling creative, you can practice your latte art skills by using a small pourer or a toothpick to manipulate the milk foam on the surface of your flat white. Popular latte art designs include hearts, rosettas, and tulips.

9. Serve and Enjoy

Once you're satisfied with your milk texture and any latte art, serve your flat white immediately. Savor the rich espresso flavors combined with the velvety and creamy frothed milk.


Frothing milk for a flat white requires precision and practice, but with the right technique, you can achieve a silky and velvety texture that complements the espresso perfectly. By following these steps, you'll be able to create a cafe-quality flat white in the comfort of your own home. So, grab your espresso machine, froth that milk with finesse, and indulge in the delightful experience of a homemade flat white.